Planning, Organizing, and Developing an Academic Paper

Four Main Components for Effective Outlines

Purdue Online Writing Lab maintained by Purdue University

Defines parallelism, coordination, subordination, and division in relation to developing an effective outline. Offers additional resources on how and why to outline, and provides sample outlines.

Organizing an Essay.
University College Writing Centre, University of Toronto

Explains the importance of planning a paper and offers suggestions for strong note-taking. Describes how to use note cards, the computer, and the circle method for effective note-taking. Also explains how and why to compile a reverse outline after a rough draft of the paper is complete.

Compiled by Rebecca Wertheim